Posts Tagged ‘IBM’
SNAP: It gathers system configuration information and compresses the information to a pax file.
This file can be downloaded later to a tape or a cd or can be sent to a remote system. This SNAP information is later used by IBM to resolve real time problems.
Only root user is allowed to run this command.
8 MB approx. Temp space is needed for SNAP information.
/tmp/ibmsupt is a default directory for SNAP output.
To write SNAP output to a different directory, use –d flag.
Each execution appends information to previously created file.
Use –r flag to remove the previous information.
Various SNAP commands are:
# snap –g
This command gathers ODM, error report, trace file, user environment, paging space, amount of physical memory, security user information and device information.
# snap –a
This command gathers all system information.
# snap –c
Creates a compressed pax image.
# snap –D
It gathers dump and /unix information.
# snap –e
This command gathers HACMP specific information from all nodes.
# snap –r
Removes the previous information.
# snap –ac –d <full path of the destination directory>
This command will gather all the system information, compress the pax image and finally saves the pax image in the specified directory.
# snap –r –d < full path of the destination directory >
This command will clear / remove all the collected snap data.
Hope you enjoyed this post.
# lsfs command gives the following output:
Hd1 – home
Hd2 – USR
HD3 – TMP
HD4 – Root
HD5 – BLV
HD6 – Paging Space (2 types: primary, secondary)
HD7 – Not Found
HD8 – JFS
HD9 – VAR
HD10 – MNT
HD11 – admin (available in AIX V 6.1)
LED code 0c0 means successful completion of dump.
To view extended permissions, command used is:
# ls –e <filename>
Command used to set tty port for bidirectional mode:
# share <port attributes>
Commands used to setup quota for file system for end users are:
# vi /etc/<file system>
# edquota /<file system> <username>
# quotaon <file system>
# quotaon /<file system>
To initiate system dump, command used is:
# sysdumpstart –P (for primary)
# sysdumpstart –S (for secondary)
SNAP is generally used to gather system information.
Some of the SNAP commands are:
# snap –a
# snap –g
# snap –D
Image.data contains information about VG’s and LV’s.
Bosinst.data contains information about installation flow control.
To view mksysb tape and to restore particular file from mksysb tape, commands used are:
# tctl –f /dev/<tape drive name>
# restore –tvf /dev/<tape drive name>
# restore –xvf /dev/<tape drive name>
# tctl –f /dev/rmt0
# restore – tvf /dev/rmt0
# restore – xvf /dev/rmt0
Tctl command is basically used to rewind the tape drive.
To list NIM objects, command used:
NIM stands for network installation management.
To see NIM log, command used is:
# nim –o showlog –a full_log = yes –a log_type = logtype NIMclient
Logtype can be boot, script etc.
NIMClient is the hostname / ip address of the client machine.
Sources of this command : IBM AIX Forum
# smit system command is used to change the server time.
# smit date command is used to change system date.
Time synchronization is either done by running time demon or ntp demon.
- Entry :
i. P5 510
ii. P5 520
iii. P5 550
- Mind Range :
i. P5 570
- High End :
i. P5 575
ii. P5 590
iii. P5 595
Physical Volume (PV) id can be found in Cuat ODM class.
Device in defined state means there is an entry in ODM class CuDV.
Procedure to change bootlist from hdisk0 to hdisk1:
Go to SMS mode by pressing F1 and change the bootlist by running the following command:
# bootlist –m normal hdisk0 hdisk1
If a machine keeps rebooting and repeating POST, it means either there is invalid bootlist or corrupted BLV or hardware failure of boot device.
More we will discuss about AIX System Administration in the coming posts.
Happy Learning !
System Backup has become an essential part in today’s world. Backup is generally created to prevent loss of data.
In various production environments, backup of data is created to save all the transactions and the history of vital information available inside servers in each and every company today.
This particular post will discuss about the various commands used with respect to system backup and restore in AIX Operating system in a production environment.
There are multiple commands available to take Backup and restore it back on to the servers.
The first command that we will discuss is:
MKSYSB Command: This command is used to create an image on the Operating System on the Tape Drive.
This backup created on the tape drive can be used later to restore the entire OS from the tape onto the disk in its original state. It works very similar to how backup and restore works in windows Operating Systems (OS).
Command used to create backup with mksysb command is:
# mksysb –ief /dev/rmt0
Where rmt0 is the name of the tape drive on which the backup is created.
Flag i stands for the image backup that will be created on running this command
E stands for exclusion of the file systems which are not needed while creating the backup on the tape drive. Administrator can remove the files/file systems they think is not needed while creating a backup.
To remove a particular file system, admin needs to edit the /etc/excludevg.rootvg file and specify the file systems which need not be backed up.
F stands for reading out the files backed up.
Mksysb command is also used to backup SMIT screen.
Commands used to backup user information are:
1. Savevg command: this command finds and backup all the files that belongs to a particular Volume group (VG).
Command used to create backup is:
# savevg –ief /dev/rmt0 <vgname>
Where vgname is the name of the volume group to be backed up.
Similarly, to backup a non root vg, command use is:
# savevg –f <destination path> -i <non root vg files to be backed up>
#savevg –f /home/user01/vg00_backup –i vg00
After running this command, admin can remove vg00 from the system. Command to restore vg00 back from vg00_backup is:
# restvg –qf <backup file path> <folder where the data is to be restored>
# restvg –qf /home/user01/vg00_backup hdisk10
So restvg command is basically used to restore non root vg data.
1. Tar command: it writes data from the disk onto the archival medium. It also restores the data back from tape to the disc.
To backup current working directory, command used is:
# cd /<current working directory>
used to verify the current working directory.
# tar –cvf /dev/rmt0
C stands to create a new backup on the archival medium
V stands for verbose
F stands for read
# tar –x extracts files from the archival medium on to the disk.
# tar –t will list the order in which the files appear on the archival medium.
To backup using tar command:
# tar –cvf <path where backup is taken / archival medium> <file system to be backed up>
# tar –xvf <archival medium path>
1. Cpio command: copies files into / out of the storage (archival) medium.
2. Backup command: creates the image/ copy of the files to be backedup on the archival medium.
# backup [–i] or [-p] or [-v] or [-q] or [-u] flags can be used to take backup.
-u flag creates an entry in /etc/dumpdates that is having all the backup history information.
To backup current directory, command used is:
#cd <current working directory>
# backup –i –f /dev/rmt0
To backup a particular file system, command used is:
# backup -0 –f <path where the data is to be backed up> -f <files to be backed up>
# backup -0 –f /home/user01/vg00_backup –i /home/usr01/vglv
Flag 0 means weekly backup
1 means daily
To restore this backup command used is:
# restore –qf <path of archival medium>
# restore –xvf <path of archival medium>
Generally, /dev/rmt0 is the default destination medium where data is backed up.
Condition for RootVg Backup:
1. Concentrate only on rootvg
2. Unmounted file systems are not backed up
3. Contains VGDA information, PV, VG and Policies
Restoration in maintenance mode is done in 3 ways:
1. Boot from CD
2. Telinit S|s|M|m
3. # shutdown -m
There are 2 ways to restore after logging into maintenance mode:
1. System backup first and then restore (offline mode)
2. Restore directly from tape drive (all devices are shown CD0, RMT0. Choose tape drive / cd drive. Choose hard disk where restoration is to be done. System is restored)
/etc file system will hold most of the information about backup and restore.
P.S: Most of the information written on this blog and in every post is inspired and written after reading and going through various redhat pdfs and ibm books.
Source : IBM Red Hat Books and Online PDFs.
RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer) came into being in the year 1986
POWER (Performance Optimized With Enhanced RISC ) was developed in 1990
Then came POWER 2 in 1993
followed by POWER 3 in 1999
then POWER 4 in 2000
and now POWER 5 (year 2001) POWER 6, POWER 7 has evolved.
AIX 5L means AIX OS which supports Linux API.
IBM POWER 5 family includes:
Entry Level : P510, P520, P550
Mid Level : P570
High Level : P575, P590, P595
P570, P575, P590, P595 supports LPAR and P590, P595 support POWER VM features.
IBM POWER 6 family includes:
P520, P550, P570
all of them support LPAR.
IBM Blade Center comprises of:
JS1 and JS2